In 1984, the Government of India declared and decided to observe the Birthday of Swami Vivekananda (12 January, according to English calendar) as National Youth Day every year from 1985 onwards. To quote from the Government of India’s Communication,
‘it was felt that the philosophy of Swamiji and the ideals for which he lived and worked could be a great source of inspiration for the Indian Youth.’
National Youth Day is observed with great devotion towards Swami Vivekananda at headquarters of Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission as well as their branch centers.
Members of the organizations observe birthday of Swami Vivekananda in different manner. Celebrations of Swami’s birthday, according to Hindu calendar follow typical Hindu manner of celebrations.
This include mangalarati, homa (Special worship of fire), meditation, devotional songs, religious discourses, sandhyarti
Swamijis birth day according to Georgian calendar falls on January 12 each year, the day is also observed as National Youth Day.
Many activities are planned for the day including various processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, Yogasana presentation, competitions in essay-writing, recitations, speeches, music, sports, etc.
The National Youth Day is also observed in almost all educational institutes of the country with great enthusiasm. Various programs are planned for the day in different colleges and schools. Students celebrate this day, birthday of Swami Vivekananda with processions, speeches, recitations, music, youth conventions, seminars, Yogasanas, presentations, competitions in essay-writing, recitations and sports on 12 January every year.